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The Cahuita National Park 

The Cahuita National Park

The Cahuita National Park in Costa Rica Caribbean Coast Side was established to protect the most important coral reef in the country. Its land covers 1.067, 9 ha and its coral reef area cover about 600 ha. It rains on average 185 to 220 inches per year with an average temperature of 80°F. There are no dry months and the humidity is around 92%.

The park is located within a tropical rain forest. The trees are relatively tall, thick and evergreen. Some of the typical species you will find are the Dragon Blood Tree, very common in high-water areas. Even more common area beach almond trees, and chaperon trees. Coconut trees and seagrapes are also seen along the beach. Deeper inside the forest it is possible to locate Andiroba or Carapa guianensis, monkey fruit, mangroves in the marsh, fig-trees, ice-cream bean plants, and other types of palm, as well as many epiphyte plants.

Various types of sea turtles in danger of extinction can be seen like the leatherback Dermochelys coriácea, the green sea turtle Chelonia mydas, and hawksbill Eretmochelys Imbricata. You may also see tree frogs, rain frogs, poisonous snakes such as the pit viper or the eyelash viper and others like boas.

The park protects and preserves a variety of marine flora and fauna species as well as beautiful white-sand beaches. The park covers 22.400 ha of the territorial sea.

 

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