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PLENARY SESSION 2.1: IMPLICATIONS OF PANDEMIC FOR THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CITIZENS AND THE STATE



Moderator:
Maria-Francesca Spatolisano, Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Inter-Agency Affairs Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA)
Panelists:
Ms. Michelle Bachelet, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Mr. Hector Leonel Ayala, Minister of Governance and Decentralization, Honduras
Mr. Martin Chungong, Secretary-General, Inter-Parliamentary Union
Mr. Kevin Casas-Zamora, Secretary-General, International IDEA
Mr. Xing Qu, Deputy Director General, UNESCO
Ms. Liv Tørres, Director, Pathfinders for Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies
Ms. Elizabeth Andersen, Executive Director, World Justice Project
Ms. Ghada Fathi Waly, Executive Director, UNODC
Mr. Alfredo Durante Mangoni, Chair, G20 Anti-Corruption Working Group, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Italy
Ms. Věra Jourová, Vice-President for Values and Transparency, European Commission
Mr. Federico Cafiero De Raho, Anti-Mafia and Anti-terrorism National Prosecutor, Italy
Ms. Margit Kraker, Secretary-General, International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions
Ms. Marta Acosta Zuniga, Comptroller General, Costa Rica
Ms. Delia Ferreira Rubio, Chair of International Board of Directors, Transparency International
Day 2 – Theme: Renewing the social contract to build trust between people and state: Rebuilding peoples’ confidence in government was highlighted as a major challenge by global leaders in the UN 75th Anniversary Declaration. Discussions under this theme will address some of the root causes of lack of trust in public institutions. They will encompass policies and measures at the national level, sustained by international cooperation, to ensure equity in distribution of public goods and delivery of services, with a focus on those most at risk of being left behind; to strengthen transparency, accountability and oversight; to open space for participation and stakeholder engagement; to support adherence to constitutional frameworks and the independence of judicial institutions; and to reinforce action to fight corruption. Even before COVID-19, approximately two-thirds of the world’s population lacked the ability to meaningfully access justice. While the business case for investing in justice is clear and compelling, allocations to the justice sector have declined in both national and development assistance budgets. Justice systems have been hard hit by the pandemic, as new restrictions on physical access to courts and tribunals have coincided with a sharp rise in the need for legal protection and services. This session will look at the effect of the pandemic on the justice sector, with an emphasis on access to justice for those most at risk of being left behind. It will share experiences of innovative practices on digital innovation, preventive justice and alternative dispute resolution employed by courts and practitioners across the world that can help advance access to justice for all, and accelerate progress on other dimensions of SDG 16 and the entire 2030 Agenda.

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